Taverns, Forts & Castles:

Re-Discovering King Hendrick's Village

Philip Lord, Jr.
New York State Museum

King Hendrick, Chief of the Mohawk Nation, circa 1755

Long-standing tradition and a substantial amount of archaeological research had placed the site of the mid-eighteenth century Upper Castle of the Mohawks - King Hendrick's village - at the hamlet of Indian Castle, along the banks of the Nowadaga Creek in eastern Herkimer County.

A re-examination of contemporary maps and journals, within the context of recent research into inland navigation in the Early Republic Period, has revealed that this village, and the British fortification associated with it during the French and Indian War, was actually located over three kilometers further east, on a height of land that constricts the Mohawk Valley from the south.

This finding has also permitted the confirmation of a previously undocumented segment of mid-eighteenth century roadway connecting the Mohawk and Susquehanna watersheds.

Table of Contents

This webpage was adapted from an article by the same name in the journal Northeast Anthropology , Number 52, Fall 1996 and is reproduced here with their permission.